In Sabah, Malaysia, many thousands of stateless children have become marginalised due to their legal status. These are mainly children of illegal or legal Indonesian migrant labourers. The migrants come to Sabah to seek an income on the plantations so they can have a decent life.
The Etania schools are learning centres for their children, who have no access to education until a school begins for them. Therefore, Etania schools run a full learning program 6 days a week with all the necessary curriculum subjects.
In these learning centres, children enjoy safety, security and happiness and most importantly their right to learn. Etania, in collaboration with Harvard Business School, has an ambitious plan to build 30 school across Sabah. They asked billionBricks and Architecture BRIO to prepare a prototype for a green school design for 350 children aged 5-13.
The school is located along a river with a history of massive floods once every 10 years or so. The destruction of the original rainforest and their replacement by oil palm plantations has increased the flood risk even further. Therefore the design strategy proposed to raise the school, not unlike much of Borneo’s vernacular architecture, from the ground. However the classrooms rise above the ground in an unconventional way.
Five decommissioned shipping containers, and a mound created from soil excavated for a water harvesting pond, support the classrooms. This minimises the structural components, and stabilises the framework. Additionally it creates a covered space below the classrooms for a lunch area and gathering space. The containers themselves accommodate store rooms and toilets.
The school children can move around the school in multiple ways. They can climb the first floor either via a centrally located staircase, from two ladders. or from the slopes of the mound. This way, the Etania Green School becomes a place for exploration and overcoming challenges in line with the educational philosophy of the school.
On the first floor, three blocks are placed alternately on either side of a central verandah. Two blocks contain four classrooms. The third block on the mound contains the teacher room and library. Because they orient along the east west direction, they minimise the heat gain, and avoid direct sunlight hitting the long elevations. This also means that the classrooms all face the river and enjoy a natural draft of air that flows across the rooms in the north-south direction.
Between two classrooms, the children can use two smaller rooms for group work. They are extra spaces that give teachers the flexibility to teach classes, since often multiple years are clubbed into one. One of such rooms is a reading room with a netted floor for children to find a comfortable place to read books.
Etania Green School
Beaufort, Sabah, Malaysia
Sustainability, Innovation, Context
Primary school for stateless children
Fox and the chicken on the playground
the school bus
View from riverside
Front view of the school
Playground under the classroom block
Access to the classrooms
View of interior corridor
Ground Floor Plan – Prototype School
First Floor Plan